M E N U
SOME RECOLLECTIONS OF THE YOUNG FAMILY, by those who immigrated in 1873, May 31, 1957.
The writer, Revo M. Young, interviewed the surviving members of the Archibald Miller Young-Mary Graham family who were born in Kirkintilloch, Dumbarton, Scotland, and immigrated with the family to the United States in November 1873. Those members are the writer's father-in-law, Robert Dixon Young, and her neighbor, Isabell Young Christensen Oveson. Father will be 90 in July and Aunt Bell was 88 in May. Both are remarkably active and have sharp wits and clear memories. (Father on the following Sunday spoke in Sevier Stake Conference, delivering one of the most enjoyable sermons of
Two other members of the original family, who might be interviewed, are Aunt Elizabeth ("Lizzy") S. Young Farnsworth, the youngest of the family, who is now 85, and Aunt Sena Anderson Young, widow of Archibald G. Young, who is 86 next November.
It is not intended that the following stories be a full account of the family history, but that they serve as a supplement to that which has already been collected by others.
In Scotland the Young's and the McKillop's were one class and the Grahams were of another. The Young's were considered to be well to do, and it was a
shock to his grandparents when Archibald M. Young married the servant girl, Mary Graham. Besides being a sweet, lovely girl Mary also brought her husband (and his relatives, particularly his mother) the Gospel of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. This was the motivating force that brought the couple with eleven of their twelve living children to Salt Lake City. Ann, the eldest, did not come with them, and therein lies a sad story.
Ann worked out for a family. Father thought it was for an uncle who was a Presbyterian minister, but Aunt Bell says that it was for a well-to-do doctor.
At any rate the family loved her and wanted to keep her since the Young's had such a large family. (She was about 10 or 11 years old.) When refused, the family slipped away taking her with them. Her father and mother never had any further information about her. The rumor was that she had been taken to Australia. The mother grieved for her all her life and always hoped to hear from her. Father says that they stopped in New York and searched for her, but found no trace of her.
Aunt Bell thinks that the reference to the Presbyterian minister is connected with the story of her father's aunt, Agnes Young Stewart of Fintry (or Campsie of Forsythe.) This story is given by Archibald Miller Young in his account of the family. Father's explanation is that the minister's mother was a very strong Presbyterian who was much exercised over Archibald M. 's joining the "Mormon" church. Shortly before they immigrated "Father received a letter offering him a big sum of money if they would give up the religion --- or if they would not, enough rope to hand the whole family."
It is supposed that Archibald M. 's eldest sister, Mary Young Boyd received the fortune, which was rightfully her brother's by claiming that he was dead. She came to Salt Lake City with her husband and they set up a store and made much money. She left the Church. She would not face her brother until he deliberately went to the store to see her. (Perhaps there were two stores, one on Main Street and on Market Street.) She was bitter. She asked him if he was stilling fooling with that religion. He replied that he was not deserting the church he knew to be true. The church that represented the true God. She said, "There's as good a god as I want," and held up a twenty dollar gold piece. She died very suddenly about a month later. Aunt Bell recalls going to the store once, without her mother's approval. One of the cousins engaged to a lawyer named Ervine. Some of Mary Boyd's family lived around Eureka, Utah.
Another member of the family who caused much concern to A. M. and Mary was William Young, the brother of Archibald M. Their father died before Archibald M. was born. Their grandparents took William. When he was old enough they put him in an office to manage the office. It seems that they owned or had interest in a coal mine. One day an intoxicated man came in causing a disturbance. William ordered him to leave. When he continued to disturbance, William pitched him out onto the pebble street. When he did not move William became frantic and rushed home to his grandparents telling them the
man was dead. The laws were very strict and they were frightened. They gave him some money and told him to get out of the country, which he did. A long time afterward, they received a letter from him asking them to send him more money to England. They sent the money and urged him to come home because the drunken man had recovered. The never heard from him again.
Father and Aunt Bell remember "Aunty" who used to come and stay with them in their home in Scotland. She was very strict with the children, and they did not like her. She insisted in their folding their clothes neatly and leaving them on their chairs at night. Little folk not used to such fussiness thought she was terrible. It seemed that she came with Aunt Nanny (Aunt Agnes, the sister of Archibald M., their father,) so they suppose that she was a Young or McKillop.
Aunt Nanny (Agnes) came to Utah unmarried and was known as a typical "Old maid" as she was always dressed in silks and taffetas, and was afraid to have the children get near her. She must have been in her seventies before she married Phillip Rees. She was a good businesswoman, and had acquired some means before she died. Her home in West Jordan was left to her brother, Archibald M. Young. Aunt Bell remembers that when her father and mother took all the family to Salt Lake, from Richfield, for about a month, the first place they stopped to stay overnight was in West Jordan at Aunt
Nanny's. The children Bell and Lizzie were assigned to a bed and when they turned the covers down they found a purse of money. In the excitement Bell was cured of hiccups, which made it and important event to her. She said that Aunt Nanny used to visit them in Salt Lake and her visits were impressive because of her rustling skirts, and the way she brushed off the dust after she had been sitting on the bench in the yard.
In Scotland the Young's were weavers of find woolens. The McKillop's were founders. It seems that they followed other trades too, for Archibald M. and Mary kept a barbershop and Mary assisted. President Irvin L. Warnock's father said that she gave him his first shave. She always cut her husband's had. The story is told that once when she was absent for a few days that the boys attempted to cut their father's hair. They had cut one side and he was most dissatisfied and told them to stop. He waited for his wife to come back to finish the job. (This happened in Richfield.) They were particular with the shop and each customer had his own razor in a separate place on the wall so that barber's itch could be checked.
Father (Robert D. Young) says that they must have had a store because he and A. G. were sent to deliver a bill of goods. They got to wondering what was in the package so they stopped to see. Among the items they found some clay pipes. They knew that they were not good, that people should not smoke, so they proceeded to destroy them by throwing them against a stonewall. When the job was completed they doubled the package down and went on. He said that when it was reported to their father that the pipes were missing he questioned them, but did not punish them. There were not sent as delivery boys again.
Another amusing incident that happened to these two boys was when they were moving, possibly to the store. They picked up what they thought to be necessary baggage and followed down the street. They wondered why people laughed. R.D. was carrying the "chantey" or pot and Arch came along swinging the lid.
Their mother, Mary Graham Young, was a weaver of curtains and fine laces. Union Street in Kirkintilloch was a street of weavers. The homes had two stories. The family lived on the first floor and the weaving was done on the second floor. Mary used sego starch to paint the loom to stiffen the lace.
When she came to this country and found that people ate sego she couldn't understand how they could do it.
It must have been a trial to Mary and her husband to be transplanted to strange surroundings such as they found in Salt Lake City and Richfield, which at that time was a newly settled community. The talked with a Scotch brogue or accent. Sometimes people had difficulty understanding them and the children. One day "Mern" and Arch were sent to the store. Mern asked for "Crease" but Arch said, "It isn't crease, its huit." (It was suet they had been sent for, to make a plum pudding.)
There were some foods that were unpalatable to the family. One was squash which was one of the main foods of the pioneers. Grandmother Mary thought that squash was animal food. She used it for exchange whenever possible.
Grandmother was the only woman in the United Order who ever called for liver, so the butcher always saved the animal livers for her. She would not use pig liver, it had to be beef or veal.
The family had lived in Salt Lake City for a while before coming to Richfield to live. They lived on the block where the Governor's Mansion (Kerns Mansion and recently donated to the Historical Society) and the Daynes estate was.
They came to Richfield because their good Scotch friends lived here. Some of them were the families of Alexander Fraser, William Gray, and the Lockhart's. Grandmother Mary would rather have lived in Salt Lake City, but submitted to the plans of her husband.
Father (R.D.Y.) says that they came to Richfield two times, having returned to Salt Lake the first time they came. He said that the first time they came they lived in the Old Fort. When they returned to Salt Lake they lived in the 17th Ward. (At first they had lived in the 20th Ward.) He also said that they had bought a farm at Heber City, which they sold and returned to Richfield in September. They moved to a place called "Grandma Shaw's"* but they bought a lot and a "dugout" to live in.
The dugout was crowded and Grandfather was always too busy to work on a house, so Grandmother decided to build one herself. Robert and Isabell made the adobe bricks and their mother laid up a room, which was above ground. She was relieved when the walls were high enough to protect her from view as she worked inside. The children gathered willows, which grew along the Spring Ditch to make the roof. This room became the main bedroom.
Money was scarce and times were hard. Grandfather spent most of his time working in the United Order and was away from home a good deal of thetime since he cared for the sheep. He often took Arch with him. This was trying for Mary and the children. The Order "was alright. It made great progress." Grandfather's comment about that experience expressed his feelings: "Left Salt Lake in August 1874 & came to Richfield on the Sevier and joined the Order & felt good in it. It showed me how I man could love his neighbor as his self. I was glad for it."
When asked if he worked in the Order, Father (R.D.Y.) replied, "Yes, if you can call it that. An old Swiss brother had charge of about twenty of us kids. We couldn't understand him and he couldn't understand us, but he was supposed to boss us. I don't think he got 20 cents worth of work from us. The main farm was what is now the George Ogden farm. We were supposed to hoe corn and sugar cane. It was hot in July. The ditch to carry water to run the gristmill had just been finished. We call it the Old Mill Ditch. It ran across the top of the field at the head of the furrows. We worked slowly down the rows and fast up. Then over into the canal we went. The man would yell but we couldn't understand him."
Grandfather and Arch took the sheep over toward Grass Valley. There were many Indians over there. One day some of them rode into their camp and asked for matches. Grandfather gave one match to each Indian, but they kept begging for more. Grandfather said, "Not another match" and wondered what the outcome would be. Arch saved the day. He had crawled into the wagon where he found a horn or pipe upon which he gave a loud blast. Their visitors on their ponies rode away as fast as they could.
* See corrections below
Aunt Bell says she remembers her father's coming to see how his family was getting along. At that time they had the sheep north of town out toward Cottonwood Canyon. He had waited until the sheep were bedded down. He had left Arch with them and he had walked home, and would have to walk back.
Grandmother became very discouraged because the children were destitute for clothes. She heard that Brother Hansen, Dave Hansen's father, needed someone to drive a team to Salt Lake City. She offered to do it. She planned to take Lizzie with her. They could ride on a spring seat, and the trip would not be too difficult because Brother Hansen would care for the team. Grandfather was very much opposed to her going and he did not think she wold go.
She went on preparing and one day when he came home from work she had gone. He questioned the children and Bell said, "Yes, she went." Bell had followed the wagon thinking maybe she would be allowed to go, but her mother told her to go back home and be a good girl. She promised to send her something from Salt Lake City. Bell told her father, "I would have gone farther, but I was afraid that someone would see me in my red shorigan." A shorigan was a petticoat or slip.
Grandmother stayed in Salt Lake City for about six weeks and went out washing to earn money to buy clothing for her family. True to her promise, she got a chance to send a box, so she sent some apples. Grandfather, who was still angry, said that no one should eat the apples. They would wait until their mother came. To be sure that the box was not disturbed, he put a chip in the opening. When Grandfather was gone to work the children plotted together how to get the apples that smelled so tantalizing. Grandfather was at work on the Order canal as few blocks from home. Arch would send one of the children to watch from the dugout roof. Then he would open the box, divide out the apples, close the box and carefully put the chip back. Each night Grandfather would inspect the chip, which he was sure was a secret detector. When Grandmother came she asked how they had enjoyed the apples. He
told her that they hadn't tasted the apples. He was puzzled to see the few apples that had produced so much odor.
Aunt Bells said, "R.D., do you remember the first suits that you and Arch had? The cloth for them was made right here. Mother regulated the making of the cloth. They were gray and were a corset fit. You had new hats and shoes to go with them. The hats cost 25 cents. They were the Order hats made by Mrs. L. P. Christensen. They were made of brown duck cloth. The shoes had uppers like sole leather. They were made by Old Man Oberg, the only shoemaker for the Order. (We had shoes every two years.) I was so proud to see you come into church and whispered to the girl next to me on the
bench, 'Those are my brothers.'"
Father and Aunt Bell remember the "Grasshopper War." The said, "It started on the ten acres we owned and cleaned up the whole valley. One morning Father looked at the crop of five acres of wheat. He said, 'Thank the Lord -isn't it beautiful, boys!' By the afternoon the ground was bare. Everyone had to fight them. We dug trenches about two and a half feet deep and drove the grasshoppers in there. They would not get out. We used gunny sacks to drive them into the trenches then covered them with dirt."
The family did every kind of work they could to make a living. Grandmother followed the reapers to glean wheat and undoubtedly * she took the girls with her to the fields.
Arch went as a helper to Brother Horne and learned the carpenter trade. Then when he learned, he was give 50 cents a week. Grandfather sometimes frightened. One trip caused great concern to his wife and family. He took Arch with him to Milford. When they arrived there their plans were changed to go on to the "Muddy." Knowing the trip would take much longer, he sent word home by another freighter who promised to deliver the message. Grandmother did not get the word. When the customary time had elapsed she became anxious about them.
* See corrections, below
Two weeks passed into three, then four, five and six. Still he did not come, and she was grief-stricken, for she just knew that something dreadful had happened. She was afraid that they had fallen prey to Ben Tasker's Gang who were notorious outlaws of the time.
One evening she was sitting out in the yard crying. The bishop (Paul Poulsen) came along and asked what was the matter. She poured out her troubles to him. He consoled her with the words, "Oh, they're dead and buried long ago."
Then one night after the family was asleep a knock came on the door and Grandfather called, "Mary!" Of course she was excited and wanted to know where her boy was, and why they did not come in. Grandfather said, "Give us some clothing and let us get cleaned up. We got looses on the trip." It was a common thing to pick up a lice at places where other people had camped. Most Indians carried lice. The vermin remained at a camping place when the
occupants moved on, and attacked the next unsuspecting traveler.
When Grandmother told Grandfather about the remark of the bishop Grandfather said, "Gore, if he wasn't the bishop I'd go over and give him two black keekers for saying that to a lone woman."
Grandmother's determination and singleness of purpose were demonstrated more than once.
One dark night they were notified that there might be an Indian raid. The family had a cow that they had got from Bishop Sharp. She was indispensablebecause of the milk and butter she furnished the family. Grandmother discovered that the cow was missing. She called Robert and Mern to go with her to search through the willows on the Spring Ditch. R.D. was afraid, so she sent him back, but Mern stayed with her. They were gone all night, but they brought back the cow. She had been rescued between Richfield and Glenwood. They heard a person ride off. Grandmother questioned that it was Indians
who had taken her. She thought it was a white outlaw named Maxfield.
The Indian War was just ending when Grandmother had a call from some Indians. They asked for sugar, flour and meat. She gave them what she could spare, but they said, "More!" She pointed to her small children and said, "They have to eat." They said, "No care. More!" and went toward the sack. Her mop was handy. It had a good strong homemade oak handle. She grabbed it and let the handle fly over their backs. They made haste in clearing out.
When the peace treaty negotiations were being made Grandmother recognized two the braves as the ones who had been her callers and pointed them out, "There they are." They knew her, too. They again called at the Young home to bring Grandmother a gold ring. She asked, "What it this for?" They said, "Heap brave squaw." Grandmother was afraid to keep it because she wondered where it had come from, and how the Indians had got it. She took
it to the mother of the Smith girl who had recently been massacred between Richfield and Glenwood on the Black Knoll. It had not belonged to her. Grandmother never did find the owner of the ring.
When the irrigation ditch was dug through the lot to bring the water in, a strange grave was found. There were three skeletons in the grave. Two were
adults and one was an infant. The man and woman were buried in a sitting position side by side. The man was holding the baby on his lap. They were buried again and the ditch dug around the grave. Father (R.D.) says that he was always afraid to go for the water at midnight, and would shy in a big circle around the place, but that his mother was unafraid. He marveled that she could be so brave.
Grandmother had a mind of her own and was of a serious nature. Some of the people were entering into polygamy. Grandfather came to her and said, "The brethren think I should go into polygamy. Grandmother replied, "If you want to take another wife you make take your wife and go." That settled the question of polygamy for them except for the concession Grandmother made, "You can have as many sealed to you as you like. I'm not so afraid of the dead ones."
Some of the girls had to decide what they would do about the question of whether to marry into polygamy. John Henry Smith courted Aggie. It was summer and the toads were squawking. He gave R.D. a nickel to "Go out and catch ducks."
Jessie, the one most opposed to polygamy was the only one of the family to marry into plural marriage. She was engaged to Lonzo Farnsworth, but broke her engagement to marry James Dunn, the cousin of her brother-in-law. While she was on the "underworld" she lost a baby, which is buried in the Richfield Cemetery.
Grandfather was of a less serious nature than Grandmother, but positive in his decisions. He was never out of patience. He was not anxious for money, not even when encouraged by Grandmother to claim the Aggie Stewart fortune of which he was legal heir. He loved people, especially young people. Though he wore a long flowing white beard he stayed young in spirit.
Before leaving Scotland Grandfather was a witness to an accidental death in an industrial accident. Company officials of the mine tried to bribe him to testify that the company was not responsible for the accident that it was due to carelessness on the part of the victim. He would not accept the bribe.
At one time he was on the jury in Richfield. The case that was being tried concerned the source of liquor that was being dispensed illegally. All the jury
including Grandfather, were reasonably sure that the accused was guilty. Grandfather maintained that there was no evidence, and held out against convicting him. In those days there was no recess for meals or any other purpose until the jury was unanimous in a decision. Will Garner said, "Shall we eat our shoes?" Grandfather said, "Maybe you will that." The next morning the daughter of the accused man came to the door of the Young home to express the gratitude of her father. She said that her father wanted to send a present to Grandfather. He replied, "I don't want any of your presents or your favors. I just acted according to my own conscience." Mr. Gardner said, "I won't serve on a jury with Brother Young again if I know it."
One night this perseverance of Grandfather's was responsible for a good joke. A group of young people had gathered at the Young home. In the crows were Joe Ogden, Sam Dally, and a Manning boy. They began to sing and Grandfather told them that he would give them $5 if they would sing until he asked them to stop. They accepted the challenge and began to sing one song after another. The Manning boy knew only one song, which he repeated
over and over. It was "Three Blind Mice." When it was well past midnight Grandmother pleaded with Grandfather, "Will you tell them to stop so the wains can go to sleep?" (the performance was being held in the dugout bedroom.) Grandfather said, "I've no got $5 to pay 'em." Grandmother said, "Ah, ya big feel." So Grandfather would call out occasionally, "You're doin' weel." At three o'clock in the morning one of the boys broke up the party with the suggestion, "He'll never tell us to stop. We'd better get out of here."
Grandfather was called to be the Sunday School missionary. He would get ready early for Sunday School and make the rounds, sometimes tapping on the pole fences, sometimes calling on the people to remind them that the hour for services was approaching. Sometimes he would run across a rebellious
child, when he inquired, "About ready for Sunday School?" If one said, "No. I'm not going," he soon remedied that by carefully removing a small black book from his pocket and remarking, "That's too bad. I hate to put it down in black." Usually that caused a speedy repentance and a promise to be at church.
Grandfather took up some land and homesteaded it. There was one quarter section and a fraction. It is in what is known as the "salt pastures" and has never been valued land, being white with saluratus until drained and worked. There was little competition for the land, but in order to prove claim to it under the homestead law a home had to be maintained and slept in at nights. Over the required number of years Grandfather slept there. There he built a one-room log cabin with a ceiling of factory and whitewashed walls. Often he induced other members of the family, particularly his son-in-law, Peter Christensen, to spend the night with him. For a shorter period of time he and Grandmother lived on the other tract of land, at the same time maintaining their home in town where they came for Sundays and to be able to attend their meetings. Grandmother raised chickens and
ducks. Two or three times a week she would carry a basket of eggs to town to trade.
Aunt Bell tells a story of having seen a lump on Grandfather's factory ceiling. She asked him what it was. He said, "My dear, that's my tithing!" He had
nickels, dimes and quarters in a baking powder can. He told too many of his visitors, and one day the can disappeared.
Grandfather often drove the cows to the pasture and brought them back in the morning, walking both ways. Later he acquired a buckskin pony, which he rode.
As Grandfather walked into town each morning he stopped to rest and to visit at each of the homes of the family. Each home had some small treat for him, and he usually ate breakfast at one of the places. The homes were spaced conveniently from the south part of town to his own home. First on the south was Bell's home. Then a block north was R.D.'s home; a block east was A.G.'s; another block north was Will's; and a block east, across the street from his own home, was the Lawson (Agnes) home.
At each home he measured the children with his cane to "see if they had eaten their boiled mush." If he could say, "Yes, everythin's comin' along," he
would give the deserving child a nip off the stick candy he carried. Some of the children who could not live up to the family habit of enjoying mush were not so anxious. Bert Christensen always tried to make himself invisible by hiding under the bed or in some other place. Then Grandfather would reward Mae by giving her an extra bite of candy for cleaning up her mush bowl.
Grandmother had always been ingenious about providing sugar to sweeten the mush. Sometimes she had to thin the sugar with water, but she tried to keep ten pounds of sugar on hand, trading squash, eggs, or anything else for it. Sometimes she could get only a pound or two, five or ten cents worth, at a time.
When Grandfather and Grandmother were alone and it was no longer necessary to churn large amounts of butter using the dash churn, Grandfather helped her. He would take a bottle of fresh cream and tie it to the saddle as he left for the homestead. When he returned in the morning he brought a bottle of fresh butter.
When A.G. left for his mission in 1895 he bade the family goodbye. Grandfather confided to his daughters that he had a strong impression that he would
not be here when A.G. returned. A year later he took pneumonia and passed away, thus fulfilling the desire of his heart that he had expressed to his wife, "If we must separate, I hope I go first." It was a real picture to see the family gathered to try to do something for him. There were so many that they had beds laid on the floor. But after the Elders had administered to him, and Brother Ogilvie, the home doctor, had attended him, he expired. Brother Horne, the home undertaker, cared for him.
Lizzie and her husband, Lon Farnsworth, moved into the house with Grandmother and took care of her until they decided to move to Idaho. The home then was sold to the Lawsons and Grandmother went to live with Bell who ran the Bakery. There she spent her last days and died of causes incident to age at nearly 81 years of age.
Recollections Addendum, August 16, 1957
Shortly after this sketch was written Aunt Sena had the misfortune to break her hip. The day after she had been released from the hospital, (the L.D.S. Hospital in Salt Lake City) Aunt Lizzie was taken there unconscious from a stroke. She passed from this life on July 1, 1957. Aunt Bell has taken this
very hard as she and Aunt Lizzie have been so devoted to each other through the years.
Aunt Bell thinks that we should mention in the sketch a few more important things about the family living, such as how the drinking and culinary water was procured, and the awe of seeing the tithing lot burned.
The tithing lot across the street east of the Young home was filled with stacks of hay that had been donated for tithing. One night the family awoke to find the hay in flames. People came running and formed a bucket brigade from the ditch, but the could not save the hay. It was very exciting to the Young children.
Grandfather Young was particular about the drinking water and kept everything as clean and inviting as possible. There were two large wooden barrels under the tree at the back of the house. For the barrels he made tight covers. With long handled brushes or brooms Bells and Lizzie scrubbed the barrels twice a week. Early each morning Grandfather walked up along the Spring Ditch to drive cows away from the ditch. Then in about half an hour when the water was clear, the family dipped up the buckets of water and filled the barrels. When it had settled and been kept cool in the barrels it was so refreshing.
Mae recalls the Grandfather always loved the children and made friends with them. The children of the family used to run to meet him as he came from the field to ride the pony while Grandfather led it, and to explore the depths of his pockets for the goodies he tried to have for the children. Grandmother, who was always busy at work in the garden or the house, scolded Grandfather for spoiling the children.
The "Grandma Shaw" home was an adobe room built by Petersons. The dugout was already on the lot. It had been made by a young
man for the bride he was going to marry. She had decided against marrying him. He sold the place and went away to prospect. He was the discoverer of the Tin tic minerals. He was called "Bullion Beck" and is said to have been the firs millionaire in Utah.
The girls always went to the fields with Grandmother to glean. Sometimes the girls went with "Grandma" Lockhart, as it was unbecoming for the girls to go alone. They often took dry bread or Scotch scones for their lunch
Archilbald Miller Young